Hermaphrodite is used in botany to describe a flower that has both staminate (male, pollen-producing) and carpellate (female, ovule-producing) parts.
This condition is seen in many common garden plants.
Intersex describes a wide variety of combinations of what are considered male and female biology.
Intersex biology may include, for example, ambiguous-looking external genitalia, karyotypes that include mixed XX and XY chromosome pairs (46XX/46XY, 46XX/47XXY or 45X/XY mosaic).
Sequential hermaphroditism is common in fish (particularly teleost fish) and some jellyfish, many gastropods (such as the common slipper shell), and some flowering plants.
Sequential hermaphrodites can only change sex once.
Some people who are intersex, such as some of those with androgen insensitivity syndrome, outwardly appear completely female or male, frequently without realizing they are intersex.
Other kinds of intersex conditions are identified immediately at birth because those with the condition have a sexual organ larger than a clitoris and smaller than a penis.
Early observations of spotted hyenas in the wild led researchers to believe that all spotted hyenas, male and female, were born with what appeared to be a penis.Upon fertilization of the two ova by two sperm cells (one carrying an X and the other carrying a Y chromosome), the two fertilized ova are then fused together resulting in a person having dual genitalial, gonadal (ovotestes) and genetic sex.Another common cause of being intersex is the crossing over of the SRY from the Y chromosome to the X chromosome during meiosis.Hermaphroditism is also found in some fish species and to a lesser degree in other vertebrates. Historically, the term hermaphrodite has also been used to describe ambiguous genitalia and gonadal mosaicism in individuals of gonochoristic species, especially human beings.The word intersex has come into preferred usage for humans, since the word hermaphrodite is considered to be misleading and stigmatizing, Since the estimated total number of animal species is 8.6 million, the percentage of animal species that are hermaphroditic is about 0.7%.When a female spotted hyena gives birth, they pass the cub through the cervix internally, but then pass it out through the elongated clitoris.